This is the historic Chicago Coliseum.
It was built in the late 1800s, constructed largely of the bricks from the terrible civil war Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia, and was located at 1513 S. Wabash St.
For a long time it was the main exposition and gathering place for Chicagoans: The 1896 Democratic convention was held here, and events from sporting goods shows to basketball and horse shows utilized the building.
And on August 13, 1935, Leo Seltzer put about 20 men and women on roller skates in order to skate a marathon the distance of the US from coast to coast for a prize money of $500
A team was one man and a woman, and they would alternate, and rest on view in the infield in between skating times. The event started each day in the morning and lasted until about midnight. The admission was 10 cents, and the skaters augmented their winnings by performing skits, or singing during the breaks, called open houses, when fans would throw coins to show their approval. The players were fed and housed separately within the North Hall of the building.
Seltzer received much condemnation for allowing women to compete but knew that was a major attraction for the audience.
The last Derby was skated in the 60′s. The building was then used as the main gathering place for Elijah Muhammad, and the speakers included Malcolm X and Muhammad Ali.
The building was demolished in 1982; there are now housing units there.
Many of the almost 1500 modern Roller Derby leagues around the world are celebrating the 78th anniversary of their sport this week. Santa Cruz Derby Girls are having a Red Cross-Brown Paper Ticket blood drive on that day. And the Undead Betties will be having a 78th anniversary drive in Livermore on August 16.